Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue and the bone surrounding and supporting your teeth. It starts with plaque buildup, and if not removed, it can lead to several severe oral health problems.
This condition is caused when the bacteria in your mouth form a sticky film called plaque. Plaque not removed by brushing and flossing can eventually build up and harden, forming a tartar substance. Plaque and tartar can lead to infection of the tissues around your teeth. If left untreated for prolonged periods, periodontal disease can cause loss of bone and tissue that support the teeth, eventually causing teeth to become loose, shift, or even fall out.
The symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, bad breath, loose teeth, receding gum lines, and sensitive teeth. If you notice any of these symptoms, you must see our dentist at Ivette Guillermo, D.M.D. as soon as possible for treatment.
Types of Periodontal Disease
- Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontitis. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontitis.
- Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Symptoms include bleeding, bad breath, receding gums, and loose teeth.
- Advanced periodontitis is the most severe form of periodontitis. This stage of the disease can cause bone loss around the teeth and gum recession. It can also result in abscesses and infections.
Types of Periodontal Treatment
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure often recommended for patients with gingivitis or early-stage periodontitis. During this treatment, the dentist in Miami, FL, removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gumline. The roots of the teeth are then smoothed to prevent further buildup and promote gum reattachment.
Pocket Reduction Surgery
In cases of moderate to severe periodontitis, pocket reduction surgery may be necessary. This surgical procedure involves lifting the gum tissue to access and clean deep pockets of infection. It also includes reshaping the bone to reduce pocket depth and promote gum reattachment.
Gum Graft Surgery
Gum graft surgery in Miami, FL, is employed to treat gum recession, which can result from periodontal disease or other factors. In this procedure, tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or a donor source and grafted onto the receding gumline to cover exposed tooth roots, improve aesthetics, and protect tooth structure.
Bone grafts may be needed in cases where periodontal disease has caused bone loss around the teeth. These grafts help regenerate bone tissue, providing a stable foundation for the teeth and supporting long-term oral health.
If you're concerned about your gum health or suspect you may have gum disease, visit Ivette Guillermo, D.M.D. at 9970 SW 40th St, Miami, FL 33165, or call (305) 220-3777 to explore the benefits of periodontal treatment.